Dr. Rasul Bakhsh Rais (IR Expert): Three major common challenges faced by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia include security risks from terrorists, shifting trends of economy and climate change. We need to make collective efforts to cope with the security issues. Climate change is another real threat for both the countries. Survival of our generations depends on the measures we take today to address the issue of climate change. Our economy is facing adverse impacts of global warming. Iran and Saudi Arabia need to revise their foreign policies in order to maintain good bilateral ties. It is high time to forget minor issues and face the future challenges with unity. Saudi Arabia can exert economic pressure on India to stop human rights violations in IIOJ&K. The options of increasing economic cooperation between Pakistan and India can further be explored.